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五大困境捆住了教师培训

字体:[ ]    作者:    人气:1173    发布日期:2018-04-30
作者:王红《光明日报》( 2018年04月12日 14版)

    GUANGMINGTUPIAN/SHIJUEZHONGGUO

【知与行】

  BANSUIZHE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAXINSHIDAIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGEDEYIJIAN》YIJI《JIAOSHIJIAOYUZHENXINGXINGDONGJIHUA(2018-2022NIAN)》DEFABU,JIAOSHIJIAOYUDECHUNTIANZHENGXIANGWOMENZOULAI,WULUNSHIZHIQIANDESHIFANJIAOYUHAISHIZHIHOUDEJIAOSHIPEIXUN,JUNYUNYUZHEXUSHIDAIFADEXINJUMIAN。YOUQISHIJIAOSHIPEIXUN,ZAIJINGYOU“GUOPEIJIHUA”JIN10NIANDELILIANHEYINLINGZHIHOU,YOUBIJIANGBURUYIGEXINDESHIDAI。ZAIZOUXIANGXINSHIDAIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUIGUBINGFANSIJIAOSHIPEIXUNFAZHANZHONGCUNZAIDEKUNJINGBINGSIKAOTUPOKUNJINGDECHULU,BIANCHENGWEIJIAOSHIPEIXUNWEIXINSHIDAI“XUSHI”DEGUANJIAN。

  SUOWEIKUNJING,BINGFEIJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHONGCUNZAIDEYIBANXINGWENTI,ERSHIZHIYUEJIAOSHIPEIXUNGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEGUANJIANNANTIHEJIONGJING。KUNJINGBUPO,SHIBUKEXU,LIBUKEFA。

突破地位困境:让教师培训不再尴尬

  SUOWEIDIWEIKUNJING,SHIZHICONGSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEGAOXIAO,BAJIAOSHIPEIXUNZAIQISHIYEFAZHANZHONGDINGWEIWEICHUANGSHOU“CAILANZI”HAISHIZUOWEIXUESHUHEXUEKEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOLINGYU。TANLVDISHUO,JINGUAN“GUOPEIJIHUA”BAJIAOSHIPEIXUNTAIDAOLE“GUO”ZITOUDEGAODU,BUFENGAOXIAODUIJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEDINGWEIQUESHIZHONGYAOBAIZAI“CAILANZI”YU“XUESHU”ZHIJIAN。ZAIZHEIZHONGDINGWEIZHUANGTAIXIA,JIAOSHIPEIXUNBUSHIXUESHUQUDONGERSHILIYIQUDONG,JIAOSHIPEIXUNDEXUESHUJIAZHIBEIBIANDISHENZHIBEIHULVE。YINCICAIHUICHUXIANZHEIYANGDEGUAIXIANXIANG——YOUYIXIESHIFANYUANXIAODELINGDAOJURANRENWEI“GUOPEIJIHUA”CHONGJILEBENKEJIAOXUE,ERMEIYOUCHONGFENRENSHIDAOYUJICHUJIAOYUSHIJIANLIANXIMIQIEDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNDUISHIFANJIAOYUDEFANBUZUOYONG。ZAIZHEIYANGDEDINGWEIXIA,BIANCHANSHENGLE“LIEBIQUZHULIANGBI”DEXIANXIANG,YOUYUQIJIAZHIDAOXIANGYUXUESHUFAZHANBUNENGCHONGFENPIPEI,JIAOSHIPEIXUNZHENGTIGONGJIZHILIANGNANYITISHENG。

  TUPODIWEIKUNJINGDECHULUZAIYU,BIXUTUXIANJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEXUESHUJIAZHI,BAIZHENGJIAOSHIPEIYANGYUJIAOSHIPEIXUN“SINIANYUSISHINIAN”DEGUANXI,ZAIJIAOYUFAZHANXINXINGTAIXIABAJIAOSHIPEIXUNZUOWEIGAOXIAO(YOUQISHISHIFANYUANXIAO)DENEISHENGGONGNENG,QIANGDIAOJIAOSHIJIAOYU“ZHIQIANZHIHOUDEYITIHUA”,BAJIAOSHIPEIYANGHEJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEXUESHUDIWEITONGDENGDUIDAI,FOUZE,JIAOSHIPEIXUNJIUHUIYONGYUANCHUZAI“CONGSHU”HE“FUYE”DEZHUANGTAI,NANYIXIYINZUIYOUXIUDEGAOXIAOHEZUIYOUXIUDETUANDUICONGSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUN,NANYISHIXIANJIAOSHIJIAOYUSHIZIDUIWUYOUHUADEMUBIAO,NANYIZHENZHENGTISHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUEDEZHILIANG。

突破体系困境:专家下去,教师上来

  SUOWEITIXIKUNJING,SHIZHIXIANYOUDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNTIXISHIYIGAOXIAOWEIZHUTIDE,MEIYOUGOUJIANQIWANSHANDEXIANJIJIAOSHIPEIXUNTIXI。ZAIZHEIYANGDETIXIXIA,YIFANGMIAN,JIBIANGAOXIAOJIEJINQUANLIYENANYIMANZU1600DUOWANZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIQUANYUANPEIXUNDEXUQIU;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIGENGXUYAODESHINENGGOUYOUZHUANJIASHENRUJICENGJIAOXUEYIXIAN,JINXINGJIYUGONGZUOSHIJIANWENTIDEZHIDAOPEIXUN,ERBUSHIQUCANJIAYUANLIGANGWEIDELILUNPEIXUN。GAOXIAOZHUANJIAJINGUANOUERYENENGGOUSHENRUZHONGXIAOXUEXIAO,DANQISHULIANGHEPINCIHAIBUNENGMANZUGENGDUOJICENGYIXIANJIAOSHIDEXUYAO。GAOXIAOZHUANJIAZAIZENMENULI,YEMEIYOUJINGLIWANQUANRONGRUDAOJICENGYIXIANJIAOSHIDUIWUZHONG;TONGSHI,JINGUANYOUBUFENJICENGYIXIANJIAOSHINENGGOUYOUJIHUIWAICHUPEIXUN,DANJUEDADUOSHUJICENGJIAOSHIQUENANYOUJIHUICANYUPEIXUN,GENGBUNENGSUISHIXUNQIUGAOXIAOZHUANJIAJIYUZHIDAO。YUSHIBIANCHENGXIANCHU“GAOXIAOZHUANJIAXIABUQU,JICENGJIAOSHISHANGBULAI”DEKUNJING。

高频彩平台  XIANSHIQINGKUANGSHI,JICHUJIAOYUJIEDUANDEJUEDADUOSHUJIAOSHI,SHIFENBUZAIXIANYIXIAQUYU,ERYAOXIANGZHENZHENGQUANMIANTISHENGJIAOSHIDEZHILIANG,QICHULUZHINENGSHIRANGJICENGYIXIANJIAOSHIYOU“SHENBIANDEZHUANJIA”。WEICI,JIUYINGGAIGOUJIANGAOXIAOYINLING、YIXIANWEIZHUDEQUANMIANFUGAIDEJIAOSHIFAZHANTIXI,JIANLIGAOXIAOZHUANYEYINLINGXIADEXIANJIJIAOSHIFAZHANZHONGXIN。GAOXIAOZHUANJIABUJINJINYAOPEIXUNGUGANJIAOSHI,GENGZHONGYAODESHIPEIYANGCHUYIPIJILAIZIXIANYUJICENGYOUNENGSHENRUJICENGDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHUANJIA,SHIQISHIKEHUOYUEZAIYIXIANJIAOSHIDESHENBIAN,ZHENZHENGFUWUYUQUANYUANJIAOSHIDEZHUANYEFAZHAN。GAODENGXUEXIAOHEDIFANGYAOJIJIXIANGYING“JIAOSHIJIAOYUZHENXINGXINGDONGJIHUA”,TANSUOJIANLIGAOXIAOYUXIANYUJIAOSHIFAZHANZHONGXINXIETONGCHUANGXINXINTIXI。

突破内容困境:提升教师培训针对性

  NEIRONGKUNJINGSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHONGDEYIGEXIANXIANG。QIZUIZHUYAODEBIAOXIANJIUSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNNEIRONGQUEFAZHENDUIXING,ZONGYOUGEXUESAOYANG、BUDATONGDIANDEGANJUE,WULUNSHICONGGETIXUQIUHAISHICHUZAIBUTONGFAZHANJIEDUANCENGCIDEQUNTIXUQIU,DOUNANYIDEDAOJINGZHUNMANZU。MUQIANDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNNEIRONGHEXINGSHIMEIYOUQUFENDU,XIANDEZHONGFUERQUESHAOCENGCIDIJIN。ZHEISHIZHISHANGSHIYOUYUDUIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANDERENZHIHAICUNZAI“HEIXIANG”——JIAOSHIPEIXUNJIGOUBINGBUSHIBUXIANGSHEJICHUYOUZHENDUIXINGDEPEIXUNKECHENG,ERSHIYOUYUDUIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANGUILVZHENGTIQUEFAKEXUERENZHIERWUCONGSHEJIYOUZHENDUIXINGDEPEIXUNKECHENG。

高频彩平台  YAOTUPONEIRONGKUNJING,JIUBIXUJIAQIANGDUIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANDEYANJIU,SHENDUBAWOJIAOSHINENGLIZHUANYEFAZHANDEGUILV。WEICI,KEYITUPOCHUANTONGYANJIUFANGSHIDEJUXIAN,JIEZHUYURENGONGZHINENG、DASHUJUDENGLAIGENGJINGZHUNDIHUOQUJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHANDEGETI、QUNTITEZHENGXINGNENGLIZHIBIAO,PINGJIA、GENZONGGETIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANDONGTAI,BAWOBUTONGJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANSUOXUYAODEMOSHIHELUJING,DAKAIRENZHIMEIYIWEIJIAOSHINENGLIFAZHANTEZHENGDE“HEIXIANG”,SHEJIYOUZHENDUIXINGDEPEIXUNNEIRONG。ERDUIYUBUTONGCENGCIDEJIAOSHIPEIXUN,GENGSHIYAOBAWOTIDUBIANHUA,CONGJICHUCENGMIANDAOGAODUANCENGMIAN,CENGCENGDIJIN、ZHUBUSHENHUA。

突破成效困境:让培训成果落地

  CHENGXIAOKUNJINGDEJINGDIANGAIKUOJIUSHI“TINGQILAIXINQINGJIDONG、HUIXIAOHOUYIDONGBUDONG”,ZHEIJIESHICHUJIAOSHIPEIXUNWUFADAILAIJIAOXUESHIJIANBIANHUADEGANGA。RUOJIAOSHIPEIXUNBUNENGDAILAIJIAOYUSHIJIANDEBIANHUA,NEIMEJIAOSHIPEIXUNDEJIAZHIYOUCONGHETIXIAN?CHANSHENGZHEIZHONGKUNJINGDEYUANYINJIUQIBENZHIERYANDAGAIYOUSANZHONG:QIYI,LILUNHESHIJIANCUNZAIHONGGOU。ZHUANJIALILUNJIANGDEGAOSHEN,DANJIAOSHISHENZHIZHUANJIABENRENYEQUEFARUHEJIANGLILUNZHUANHUAWEIJIAOYUDESHIJIAN;QIER,JIAOSHIPEIXUNTUOLIJIAOYUXIANCHANG。CONGSHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNDESHOUKEZHUANJIADUOSHIZHANZAILILUNHELIXIANGDEJIAODUFENXIWENTI,JIAOSHIZAIHUOQULILUNRENZHISHIQUEFAJIAOYUXIANCHANGDETIYANHEDUNWU,SUOXUEYUSUOYONGWUFAJIANLIQINGJINGHUADELIANJIE。

高频彩平台  POJIECHENGXIAOKUNJINGYAOCONGSANFANGMIANRUSHOU,DIYI,YAOCHANGDAOLILUNZHUANJIADUOCANYUSHIJIANZHIDAOGUOCHENG、ZHAODAOLILUNYUSHIJIANZHIJIANZHUANHUADEQIAOLIANG,PEIXUNXIANGMUBUNENGZHIYUJIAOXUEGUOCHENGDEWANJIEHEKECHENGDEJIESHU,YAOBAPEIXUNKETANGYUJIAOSHIKETANGYITIHUA,JIANGSHIJIANGENZONGZHIDAONARUPEIXUNHUANJIE,CUJINJIAOXUEZHUANHUA。DIER,YAOGENGDUOCHUANGSHEYOUJIAOYUXIANCHANGDEPEIXUN,TIGONGJIFAQINGJINGSIKAO、JIFASHIJIANZHIHUIHEDUNWULINGGANDECHANGJING。DISAN,CHUANGSHEHAODERENWUQUDONGJIZHI,BASHIJIANRENWUQIEFENCHENG“WEIRENWU”,JIANGDISHIJIANNANDU,JIFAJIAOXUESHIJIANDEDONGLIHEYONGQI。

突破成本困境:期望与投入要成正比

  CHENGBENKUNJINGJICHENGBENYUESHUERDAOZHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNYUQICHENGXIAOWUFADACHENG,YIJIZONGSHIXIWANGYONGDICHENGBENHUANQUGAOCHENGXIAOZHEIYIMAODUN。YOUYUJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHUYAOSHIZHENGFUCAIZHENGZIJINDEZHICHI,GUQIANGDIAOCHENGBENYUESHU、QIANGHUACHENGBENKONGZHIJIUCHENGWEIBIRAN。RANER,MUQIANDEJIAOSHIPEIXUNCHENGBENTOURUCESUANSHIJISHANGSHIANZHAOCHUANTONGSHANGDAGUIMO、BIAOZHUNHUAPEIXUNFANGSHIDETOURUBIAOZHUN,ZAIZHEIYANGDETOURUBIAOZHUNXIA,YAOQIWANGGEXINGHUADUOYUANHUADEPEIXUNFANGSHIHEGAOSHUIPINGDEPEIXUNCHENGXIAO,NANDUTAIDA。

高频彩平台  YAOTUPOCIKUNJING,JIUBIXUSHISHIQIUSHIZUNZHONGGUILV,GENJUGEXINGHUADEPEIXUNSHEJIJINXINGGEXINGHUADEXIANGMUCHENGBENTOURU,ERBUNENGYONGYIDAOQIE、BIAOZHUNHUADECHENGBENBIAOZHUNYUESHUPEIXUNXIANGMUDECHUANGXINYUGAIGE。DUIPEIXUNCHENGXIAODEQIWANGYUPEIXUNCHENGBENDETOURUYAOCHENGZHENGBI,GENJUBUTONGDEPEIXUNYAOQIUJIMUBIAO,JIYUZHIDUFANWEINEIDESHIYINGXINGCHENGBEN,JIADADUIGAODUANJIAOSHIPEIXUNXIANGMUDETOURU,DAQICHENGBENHECHENGXIAOZHIJIANDEZIJINQIAO。

(作者:王红,系华南师范大学教师教育学部常务副部长、广东省中小学教师培训中心副主任)


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